The Birth and Stages of Automobile Industry

The automobile industry came into existence in early 1769, with Nicolas J. Cugnot who was a French engineer and inventor of the first medium of transport that runs on roads. This automobile was a steam powered, three wheeled military tractor. This vehicle had a small range of distance covering capacity, which could run only for a maximum of fifteen minutes. They also required a sufficient starting time. However they were not fit to run on roads due to the bulk load of the steam engines. The steam engine driven automobile was first designed by Oliver Evans in the US.

Internal combustion engine based car powered by fuel gas came into existence in the year 1806. In 1838, Scotsman Robert Davidson invented the first electric locomotive that run on an average speed of 4 miles per hour.

Lack of fuels discouraged the manufacture of combustion engine based automobiles. Then the internal combustion engine automobile which used oxygen and hydrogen mixture came into existence with the Swiss engineer Francois Isaac de Rivaz. Later, automobiles which ran on hydrogen came into existence in 1826.

The first man to produce automobiles was Karl Benz in Germany in the year 1888 under license from Benz. How ever the Duryea motor wagon company was invented by brothers Charles and Frank Duryea.

By 1990 various national automobile industries emerged in countries like Belgium, Germain and Nagant. With that the export industries started their work in Paris, cars and trucks were exported to other countries like Tunisia, Egypt and Iran. Though, there were breakdowns, fuel was not sufficient. Proper roads to run cars were very less. Later after 1960, the automobile industry seemed more integrated with high technologies, where Japan was a serious car producing country.

The major change after that was the design of automobiles with safety means. More safety and security features came into existence after 1960. By 1964, the most famous Pony car was manufactured, which is known as the Ford Mustang of the present era. More other cars were manufactured after that.

The only country to dominate the automobile industry in the history was the US, with no recognized competitors.

However, other automobile industries from countries like Japan and other European nations which are known as technologically advanced countries started with their momentum slowly and increased their automobile industry productions after the Second World War in 1945. Within short time, the US automobile industry was piled up with the foreign automobiles of Japan and Germany.

The automobile trends reveal one thing clearly that, in the developed countries like US, the production of automobiles is stagnating due to global depression and fall of car markets. The global economic crises on the other hand, led to the complete halt to the production of cars with the reducing car buying demands. Many countries switched to more economical fuel saving cars in this period. Whereas, in developing countries like India and Brazil, the increase as well as the demand in the automobile production owing to the domestic needs is gaining popularity which is the key factor for its growth.

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